Les Artistes

 "Pair(s)" september - december 2015

Born in Switzerland in 1887, he died in 1965.

Le Corbusier, whose real name was Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, was an architect, designer, painter and sculptor. He started his career as an industrial designer, drawing for several architecture and design bureaus before starting his own architecture bureau in Switzerland. He moved to Paris in 1917 and, together with fellow-painter Amédée Ozenfant, initiated the purist movement a year later. The movement advocated a return to order and rationality in reaction to pre-war movements like cubism and futurism. His career took off in the 1920s with the building of several villas, among which the Villa Savoye. Some of his urban planning projects, like his Plan Voisin for Paris in 1925 were hugely controversial and never realized. After World War II, Le Corbusier participated in the reconstruction of France. His Cité radieuse in Marseille is the first example of his concept of the Unité d’habitation or “Housing unit,” which translates Le Corbusier’s idea of regrouping housing, schools, shops, swimming pools and libraries in high rises. Le Corbusier was also a famous designer who collaborated with Charlotte Perriand and Jean Prouvé. Le Corbusier is often considered one of the greatest architects and designers of the 20th century.


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